Does Birth Control Pills Have Side Effects?


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Birth control pills are a birth control method which contains progesterone and oestrogen that temporarily stops the process of ovulation. For this reason, individuals who have hormonal issues can experience a more severe problem due to the use of birth control pills. However, the problems that may occur during the use of birth control pills should be determined during a gynaecological examination and the risks should be eliminated before the patients starts using these pills. With the determination of the suitability in line with the doctor’s suggestion, the patient should not face any complications if used in a regular basis. However, for patients over the age of 35 who smoke, using birth control pills can create inconvenient situations. In order to avoid the possible side effects, this patient group should choose different birth control methods.

Some of the complications that can occur if the birth control pills are not appropriate for the patient are as follows:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Severe pain in patients with migraine
  • A feeling of breast tenderness and fullness
  • Vaginal bleeding seen other than menstrual periods in the form of discharges
  • Skin problems (acne)
  • An increase in vaginal discharge
  • Increase in the number of existing gallstones
  • Blood pressure problems in patients with high blood pressure
  • In some rare cases amenorrhea
  • Depression and mood disorders
  • One of the most serious side effects include the risk of blood clots.
  • In some rare cases, loss of sexual desire may occur.

What are the conditions which the birth control pills must be discontinued immediately?

  • These effects may be a product of a serious complication:
  • Vision problems (double vision and blurred vision)
  • Severe headaches
  • As an indicator of the risk of blood clots, feeling numb on one side of the body
  • Severe chest pain
  • Speech difficulties
  • Pain and swelling seen in the legs
  • Having trouble breathing, shortness of breath
  • An ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy should be considered as well)
  • A mass or swelling may be noticed in the chest
  • Milk or liquid coming from the breasts (galactorrhea)

What are the positive affects of birth control pills when used correctly?

  • Regulates the menstrual cycle.
  • By providing reduction of excessive menstrual bleeding, prevents the formation of anaemia.
  • Reduces the symptoms of PMS (premenstrual tension syndrome).
  • Alleviates severe menstrual cramps.
  • Women who use birth control pills are less likely to experience issues such as hair growth and acne.
  • Long-term risk of uterine and ovarian cancer in women who take birth control pills are less likely to be seen.
  • It reduces the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
  • In women who take birth control pills, fibrocystic breast disease are rarely seen.
  • Using birth control pills, reduces the risk of Endometriosis (chocolate cyst) development.
  • Associated with the use of birth control pills, the development of myomas are seen less.
  • Reduces the development of rheumatoid disease and atherosclerosis.
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