1- What is a medication-free IVF treatment?
In classical IVF, eggs are collected after they have reached the necessary growth, and is taken under process. During the non-drug in vitro (IVM) the ovum is collected before it has a chance to grow and later it will be grown in a laboratory until it reaches the right conditions. In this method of treatment, the aim is to protect females who may suffer or experience complications from these medications. The candates will be protected from any possible complication which can be caused by the medication during IVM. During medication-free IVF treatment, the patient may be given a little bit of hormone supplements. In most cases this isn’t necessary. Once the eggs which are being held under the observation of growth have reached the desired maturity, they will be collected with a needle. Sperm taken from the male injected into the egg with the microinjection method. As the final stage of the treatment, the embryos will be transferred to the female.
2- Who should prefer IVM?
It has been observed that some candidates are sensitive to drugs that are being used in IVF treatment. The patients who have OHCC or PKOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) can be suitable candidates for IVM. At the same time, it can also be used in patients with endometriosis, male infertility and patients who give low response to medication. Drug-free IVF treatment, is an ideal treatment for cancer patients who are strictly forbidden to receive hormone therapy.
3- What are the success rates?
IVM success rates are around %30 which is accepted highly successful.
4- What are the advantages?
- The treatment is easier
- Shorter treatment duration (8-10 days)
- Absence of side effects
- Doesn’t lead to complications
- A low number of visits to the clinic (1-2 times)
- Less injections (2-3 times)
- No blood collection process
5- What are the disadvantages of IVM?
It may be difficult to collect the ovary needed to continue the treatment in some cases. Pregnancy rates can be lower when compared to classical methods.
6- How are the eggs collected without any medication support?
During IVM the female’s natural eggs are collected without any support of medication. After this step, the egg cell is fertilized with the sperm of the male. The process of fertilization is applied with the help of microinjection (ICSI) method.
7- IVM cannot be applied to whom?
IVM treatment cannot be applied to couples who are over the appropriate age.
8- How long does it take?
The treatment will take around 8 to 10 days. The candidates will only visit the centre once or twice during this period for 30 minutes.